Key Words: Disposal, Dead Bodies, Mortuary, Hospital, Medicolegal case (M.L.C.)
During preservation and disposal of dead bodies, almost care must be taken as it can lead to exchange of dead bodies due to wrong identification. Identification of body is the responsibility of the relative and police in Medicolegal cases.
In hospital set up, there is a need for awareness regarding the standard procedure to be followed for storage and disposal of dead body. In this respect the mortuary had an important role. So in this article, we will discuss the guidelines in relation to storage and disposal of dead bodies, considering various medicolegal aspects.
It is the responsibility of every hospital to dispose off the dead body in a proper way. Therefore it is necessary to have a clear guideline regarding the preservation and disposal of the dead body taking into consideration the medicolegal aspects in various situations and circumstances. The procedure and legal rules may vary from state to state.
Mortuary is an important integral part of every hospital as it deals with the preservation of the dead body so that the pathologist (clinical or forensic) may investigate the cause of death and make other scientific investigations; bodies may be viewed and identified by relatives and friends (unidentified body), and bodies may be kept until burial can be arranged. The mortuary should preferably be near the pathology department and easily accessible from the ward and emergency department. A hearse approach, screened from the view of patients and public, is essential.
The maintenance of a full and accurate record of the body brought to the mortuary and its effect is one of the most important tasks of the mortuary technician. All morticians should keep a mortuary register. It is preferred to have a large heavy book that cannot be easily lost or removed. The following details of every body brought into the mortuary should be recorded in this book.